RUQYAH AS SHARIA 

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ISLAMIC EXORCISM

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DEFINITION OF RUQYA

Ruqya in Islam is recitation of the Qur’an, the use of authentic supplications and the seeking of refuge in Allah (SWT) using His Perfect Names and Attributes. All of these are means of treatment for a person suffering from ailments such as the Evil Eye, Envy, Jinn possession, Black Magic or other ailments such as fever, depression, cancer etc.

 

TYPES OF RUQYA AND ITS CONDITIONS

There are 2 types of Ruqya: Ruqya Shar'iyyah AND Ruqya Shirk'iyyah

 

Ruqya Shar'iyyah:

This is Ruqya that is free from any forms of shirk (associating partners with Allah) and revolves around recitation of the Qur’an, the use of authentic supplications and the seeking of assistance and refuge in Allaah (SWT) alone. Ruqya Shar'iyyah should meet 3 conditions as mentioned by the scholars, and it is from their consensus that the legalisation of Ruqya is achieved when the 3 conditions are met.

They are:

It must be with the words of Allah (Qur’an), his names and his attributes.

It must be in the Arabic language or a language that is clearly understood by the people.

To believe that the Ruqya being done has no benefit by itself, but the benefits and cure are from Allaah alone.

**PLEASE NOTE**

These conditions can be found in ‘Fath Al-Bari’ and in the sayings of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah concerning healing the one who is possessed.

Evidence can be found in the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ in regards to Ruqya being allowed; this is encouraged in the following Hadith:

Awf Ibn Malik al-Ashja’i (RAA) narrated that he said to the Prophet ﷺ: “O Allah’s Messenger! We used to do Ruqya during the days of Jahiliyyah (pre-islamic era). What do you think of that?” He ﷺ replied: "Present your Ruqya to me; there is nothing wrong with it as long as it does not involve Shirk." (Sahih Muslim)

Therefore, Ruqya Shar'iyyah is permissible and legal in Islam.

 

Ruqya Shirk'iyyah : 

This type of Ruqya leads to sin and destruction upon the individual as it involves calling upon other than Allaah (SWT). It entails seeking assistance from the Jinn, Magicians, Horoscopes, Charms & Amulets etc. Therefore, it is clear that its practice is completely forbidden in Islam, which is evident from the above Hadeeth of the Prophet ﷺ.

 

 

Ruqyah evidences from Hadith

 

Sunnan e Ibn e Maja Hadees # 3516

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ،‏‏‏‏ حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ،‏‏‏‏ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ،‏‏‏‏ عَنْ عَاصِمٍ،‏‏‏‏ عَنْ يُوسُفَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ،‏‏‏‏ عَنْ أَنَسٍ،‏‏‏‏ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ رَخَّصَ فِي الرُّقْيَةِ مِنَ الْحُمَةِ،‏‏‏‏ وَالْعَيْنِ وَالنَّمْلَةِ .

 It was narrated from Anas that the Prophet () allowed Ruqyah for the scorpion’s sting, the evil eye, and Namlah (sores or small pustules ulcers or sores on a person’s sides).

Sahih Hadees

 

Sunnan e Ibn e Maja Hadees # 2156

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ نُمَيْرٍ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏حَدَّثَنَا الْأَعْمَشُ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ إِيَاسٍ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏عَنْ أَبِي نَضْرَةَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ بَعَثَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ثَلَاثِينَ رَاكِبًا فِي سَرِيَّةٍ فَنَزَلْنَا بِقَوْمٍ فَسَأَلْنَاهُمْ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏أَنْ يَقْرُونَا فَأَبَوْا فَلُدِغَ سَيِّدُهُمْ فَأَتَوْنَا، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقَالُوا:‏‏‏‏ أَفِيكُمْ أَحَدٌ يَرْقِي مِنَ الْعَقْرَبِ؟، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقُلْتُ:‏‏‏‏ نَعَمْ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏أَنَا وَلَكِنْ لَا أَرْقِيهِ حَتَّى تُعْطُونَا غَنَمًا، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالُوا:‏‏‏‏ فَإِنَّا نُعْطِيكُمْ ثَلَاثِينَ شَاةً فَقَبِلْنَاهَا فَقَرَأْتُ عَلَيْهِ الْحَمْدُ سَبْعَ مَرَّاتٍ فَبَرِئَ وَقَبَضْنَا الْغَنَمَ فَعَرَضَ فِي أَنْفُسِنَا مِنْهَا شَيْءٌ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقُلْنَا:‏‏‏‏ لَا تَعْجَلُوا حَتَّى نَأْتِيَ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا ذَكَرْتُ لَهُ الَّذِي صَنَعْتُ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقَالَ:‏‏‏‏  أَوَ مَا عَلِمْتَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏أَنَّهَا رُقْيَةٌ اقْتَسِمُوهَا وَاضْرِبُوا لِي مَعَكُمْ سَهْمًا .

 It was narrated that Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri said:

 The Messenger of Allah () sent us, thirty horsemen, on a military campaign. We camped near some people and asked them for hospitality but they refused. Then their leader was stung by a scorpion and they said: 'Is there anyone among you who can recite Ruqyah for a scorpion sting?' I said: 'Yes, I can, but I will not recite Ruqyah for him until you give us some sheep.' They said: 'We will give you thirty sheep.' So we accepted them, and I recited Al-Hamd (i.e. Al-Fatihah) over him seven times. Then he recovered, and I took the sheep. Then some doubts occurred within ourselves. Then we said: 'Let us not hasten (to make a decision concerning the sheep) until we come to the Prophet ()' So when we came back: 'I told him what I had done. He said: 'How did you know that it is a Ruqyah? Divide them up and give me a share as well.'

Sahih Hadees

 

Jam e Tirmazi Hadees # 2056

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْخُزَاعِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ عَاصِمٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، أَنّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ    رَخَّصَ فِي الرُّقْيَةِ مِنَ الْحُمَةِ وَالْعَيْنِ وَالنَّمْلَةِ   .

 Anas narrated that :

the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) permitted Ruqyah for the scorpion sting, the(evil) eye, and An-Namlah.

Sahih Hadees

 

Sunnan e Ibn e Maja Hadees # 3512

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي الْخَصِيبِ،‏‏‏‏ حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ،‏‏‏‏ عَنْ سُفْيَانَ،‏‏‏‏ وَمِسْعَرٍ،‏‏‏‏ عَنْ مَعْبَدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ،‏‏‏‏ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ شَدَّادٍ،‏‏‏‏ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ،‏‏‏‏ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَمَرَهَا أَنْ تَسْتَرْقِيَ مِنَ الْعَيْنِ .

 It was narrated from ‘Aishah that the Prophet () commanded her to recite Ruqyah to treat the evil eye.

Sahih Hadees

 

Sunnan e Ibn e Maja Hadees # 3514

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ،‏‏‏‏ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ،‏‏‏‏ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُمَارَةَ،‏‏‏‏ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ،‏‏‏‏ أَنَّخَالِدَةَ بِنْتَ أَنَسٍ أُمَّ بَنِي حَزْمٍ السَّاعِدِيَّةَ:‏‏‏‏ جَاءَتْ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَعَرَضَتْ عَلَيْهِ الرُّقَى،‏‏‏‏ فَأَمَرَهَا بِهَا .

 It as narrated from Abu Bakr bin Muhammad that Khalidah bint Anas, the mother of Banu Hazm As-Sa’idiyyah, came to the Prophet () and recited a Ruqyah to him, and he told her to use it.

Sahih Hadees

 

Sunnan e Ibn e Maja Hadees # 3523

حَدَّثَنَا بِشْرُ بْنُ هِلَالٍ الصَّوَّافُ،‏‏‏‏ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَارِثِ،‏‏‏‏ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ بْنِ صُهَيْبٍ،‏‏‏‏ عَنْ أَبِي نَضْرَةَ،‏‏‏‏ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ،‏‏‏‏ أَنَّ جِبْرَائِيلَ أَتَى النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ،‏‏‏‏ فَقَالَ:‏‏‏‏ يَا مُحَمَّدُ،‏‏‏‏ اشْتَكَيْتَ؟ قَالَ:‏‏‏‏  نَعَمْ ،‏‏‏‏ قَالَ:‏‏‏‏  بِسْمِ اللَّهِ أَرْقِيكَ مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ يُؤْذِيكَ،‏‏‏‏ مِنْ شَرِّ كُلِّ نَفْسٍ أَوْ عَيْنٍ أَوْ حَاسِدٍ،‏‏‏‏ اللَّهُ يَشْفِيكَ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ أَرْقِيكَ .

 It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed that Jibra’il came to the Prophet () and said:

“O Muhammad, you are ill. He said: ‘Yes.’ He said: Bismillahi arqika, min kulli shay’in yu’dhika, min sharri kulli nafsin aw ‘aynin aw hasidin. Allahu yashfika, bismillahi arqika (In the Name of Allah I perform Ruqyah for you, from everything that is harming you, from the evil of every soul or envious eye, may Allah heal you. In the Name of Allah I perform Ruqyah for you).

Sahih Hadees

 

Sahih Muslim Hadees # 5702

و حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الدَّارِمِيُّ وَحَجَّاجُ بْنُ الشَّاعِرِ وَأَحْمَدُ بْنُ خِرَاشٍ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ أَخْبَرَنَا و قَالَ الْآخَرَانِ حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا وُهَيْبٌ عَنْ ابْنِ طَاوُسٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ الْعَيْنُ حَقٌّ وَلَوْ كَانَ شَيْءٌ سَابَقَ الْقَدَرَ سَبَقَتْهُ الْعَيْنُ وَإِذَا اسْتُغْسِلْتُمْ فَاغْسِلُوا

 Ibn 'Abbas reported Allah's Messenger ( ‌صلیاللہعلیہوسلم ‌ ) as saying:

The influence of an evil eye is a fact; if anything would precede the destiny it would be the influence of an evil eye, and when you are asked to take bath (as a cure) from the influence of an evil eye, you should take bath.

Sahih Hadees

 

Jam e Tirmazi Hadees # 2059

حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ وَهُوَ أَبُو حَاتِمْ بْنُ عَامِرٍ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ رِفَاعَةَ الزُّرَقِيِّ، أَنَّ أَسْمَاءَ بِنْتَ عُمَيْسٍ، قَالَتْ:‏‏‏‏ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏إِنَّ وَلَدَ جَعْفَرٍ تُسْرِعُ إِلَيْهِمُ الْعَيْنُ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏أَفَأَسْتَرْقِي لَهُمْ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقَالَ:‏‏‏‏    نَعَمْ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَإِنَّهُ لَوْ كَانَ شَيْءٌ سَابَقَ الْقَدَرَ لَسَبَقَتْهُ الْعَيْنُ   ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى:‏‏‏‏ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَبُرَيْدَةَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَهَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَقَدْ رُوِيَ هَذَا عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ دِينَارٍ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏عَنْ عُرْوَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ رِفَاعَةَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏عَنْ أَسْمَاءَ بِنْتِ عُمَيْسٍ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ.

 Asma' bint 'Umaish said:

I said: 'O Messenger of Allah (S.A.W)! Some of Ja'far's children have suffered from an accelerated case of the inflammation of the eye, so should I have them treated with Ruqyah?' He said: 'Yes,for indeed if there was anything that could overcome the Decree, then the evil eye would overcome it.

Sahih Hadees

 

Sahih Bukhari Hadees # 5737

حَدَّثَنِي سِيدَانُ بْنُ مُضَارِبٍ أَبُو مُحَمَّدٍ الْبَاهِلِيُّ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مَعْشَرٍ الْبَصْرِيُّ هُوَ صَدُوقٌ يُوسُفُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ الْبَرَّاءُ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ حَدَّثَنِي عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْأَخْنَسِ أَبُو مَالِكٍ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏عَنْ ابْنِ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ:‏‏‏‏ أَنَّ نَفَرًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَرُّوا بِمَاءٍ فِيهِمْ لَدِيغٌ أَوْ سَلِيمٌ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَعَرَضَ لَهُمْ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْمَاءِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقَالَ:‏‏‏‏ هَلْ فِيكُمْ مِنْ رَاقٍ؟ إِنَّ فِي الْمَاءِ رَجُلًا لَدِيغًا أَوْ سَلِيمًا، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَانْطَلَقَ رَجُلٌ مِنْهُمْ فَقَرَأَ بِفَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ عَلَى شَاءٍ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَبَرَأَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَجَاءَ بِالشَّاءِ إِلَى أَصْحَابِهِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَكَرِهُوا ذَلِكَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَقَالُوا:‏‏‏‏ أَخَذْتَ عَلَى كِتَابِ اللَّهِ أَجْرًا، ‏‏‏‏‏‏حَتَّى قَدِمُوا الْمَدِينَةَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقَالُوا:‏‏‏‏ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَخَذَ عَلَى كِتَابِ اللَّهِ أَجْرًا، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ:‏‏‏‏ ""إِنَّ أَحَقَّ مَا أَخَذْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا كِتَابُ اللَّهِ"".

 Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Some of the companions of the Prophet passed by some people staying at a place where there was water, and one of those people had been stung by a scorpion. A man from those staying near the water, came and said to the companions of the Prophet,   Is there anyone among you who can do Ruqya as near the water there is a person who has been stung by a scorpion.   So one of the Prophet's companions went to him and recited Surat-al-Fatiha for a sheep as his fees. The patient got cured and the man brought the sheep to his companions who disliked that and said,   You have taken wages for reciting Allah's Book.   When they arrived at Medina, they said, ' O Allah's Apostle! (This person) has taken wages for reciting Allah's Book   On that Allah's Apostle said,   You are most entitled to take wages for doing a Ruqya with Allah's Book.

Sahih Hadees

 

Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم). (sal-lal-lahu alai hi wa sallam) said, “Show me your Ruqyahs; there is no harm in Ruqyah as long as there is no shirk.” (Muslim)